University of Minnesota
Software Engineering Center

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Ajitha Rajan

Recent Publications

Coverage Metrics for Requirements-Based Testing: Evaluation of Effectiveness

In black-box testing, the tester creates a set of tests to exercise a system under test without regard to the internal structure of the system. Generally, no objective metric is used to measure the adequacy of black-box tests. In recent work, we have proposed three requirements coverage metrics, allowing testers to objectively measure the adequacy of a black-box test suite with respect to a set of requirements formalized as Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) properties. In this report, we evaluate the effectiveness of these coverage metrics with respect to fault finding. Specifically, we conduct an

On MC/DC and Implementation Structure: An Empirical Study

In civil avionics, obtaining D0-178B certification for highly critical airborne software requires that the adequacy of the code testing effort be measured using a structural coverage criterion known as Modified Condition and Decision Coverage (MC/DC). We hypothesized that the effectiveness of the MC/DC metric is highly sensitive to the structure of the implementation and can therefore be problematic as a test adequacy criterion. We tested this hypothesis by evaluating the faultfinding ability of MC/DC-adequate test suites on five industrial systems (flight guidance and display management).

Requirements Coverage as an Adequacy Measure for Conformance Testing

Conformance testing in model-based development refers to the testing activity that verifies whether the code generated (manually or automatically) from the model is behaviorally equivalent to the model. Presently the adequacy of conformance testing is inferred by measuring structural coverage achieved over the model. We hypothesize that adequacy metrics for conformance testing should consider structural coverage over the requirements either in place of or in addition to structural coverage over the model.